General: Annual herb from a short taproot; stems erect, solitary, few-branched above, glabrous, hollow, exuding milky juice when broken, 0.1-1 m tall.
Leaves: Basal leaves lacking; stem leaves alternate, prickly- margined, lowermost with stalks but not so clearly divided (as in S. oleraceus) into blade and stalk, more or less egg-shaped, uppermost deeply pinnately cut to egg-shaped and lobeless with rounded, clasping flanges at the base, 6-30 cm long, 1-15 cm wide.
Flowers: Heads with strap-shaped flowers, several on sometimes glandular stalks in an open, flat-topped inflorescence, relatively small, commonly 1.5-2.5 cm wide in flower; involucres 9-14 mm tall; involucral bracts lanceolate, tapering to a slender tip at the apex, glabrous except for some spreading, gland-tipped hairs; ray flowers yellow.
Fruits: Achenes 2.5-3 mm long, with 3 or rarely 4-5 conspicuous longitudinal ribs on each face, not wrinkled; pappus of white hairlike bristles.
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
2021-12-04 2:34:43 AM
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