Moist seepage sites, meadows, streambanks, fields and forests in the lowland and montane zones; common in S and coastal BC, infrequent northward; circumpolar, N to AK and YT, E to SW AB and S to WY and CA; Eurasia.
A shade-tolerant/intolerant, submontane to montane, Western North American forb distributed more in the Pacific than the Cordilleran region. Occurs on very moist to wet, nitrogen-rich soils within boreal, temperate, and cool mesothermal climates; its occurrence increases with increasing latitude and decreases with increasing elevation and continentality. Sporadic to plentiful in broad-leaved forests on water-receiving and water-collecting sites; occasionally inhabits disturbed sites. A nitrophytic species characteristic of Moder and Mull humus forms.
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
2022-06-25 9:38:56 AM
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