E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Teucrium canadense L.
Canada germander (American germander)
Lamiaceae (Mint family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Curtis Bjork  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #15792)

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Distribution of Teucrium canadense
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Teucrium canadense var. occidentale

Species Information

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Perennial herb from rhizome; stems solitary, erect, 20-100 cm tall, spreading-hairy, some gland-tipped, 4-angled.
Opposite, lance egg-shaped to narrowly elliptic or lance-oblong, 3-10 cm long, 1-4 cm wide, toothed, spreading- or appressed-hairy, some gland-tipped; short-stalked; lower leaves deciduous.
Inflorescence a crowded, spike-like raceme 5-20 cm long; bracts slender, about 1 cm long or less; corollas tubular, purplish, 11-18 mm long, 2-lipped, the lower lip longer than tube, with a broad, declined central lobe, the upper lip represented by 2 lobes that appear to be part of the lower lip, the corolla split on the upper side to the mouth of the calyx; calyces bell-shaped, 5-7 mm long, teeth 5, the upper 3 teeth deltoid or broader, pointed to blunt, the lower 2 longer and lance awl-shaped.
Nutlets, 4, almost completely joined.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Brown
Present from Summer to Fall
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Wet waste places and meadows in the steppe zone; infrequent in S BC east of the Coast-Cascade Mountains; E to NB and S to FL, MX and CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References