General: Perennial herb from a rhizome; stems erect, 20-70 cm tall, smooth.
Leaves: Stem leaves 1 to 3, alternate, the basal and lower stem leaves stalked, 3- to 4-times 3-parted, the leaflets thick, circular to egg-shaped, 5-20 mm long, the tips 3- to 5-lobed, the lobes round-toothed, prominently veined and smooth or glandular-hairy below; stem leaves subtending panicle branches unstalked.
Flowers: Inflorescence a many-flowered, narrow, terminal raceme, the bracts small, the flowers unisexual, male and female flowers on separate plants; flower stalks ascending; petals absent; sepals 4 (-6), greenish-white, lanceolate to broadly egg-shaped or elliptic, 2-4 mm long; stamens 10-20, the filaments coloured, not white, threadlike, 3-5.5 mm long, the anthers 2-3.5 mm long, blunt to pointy-tipped; stigmas usually yellowish.
Fruits: Achenes, 5-17, erect to spreading, curved, elliptic-oblong, 3-4 mm long, round to slightly flattened, smooth to glandular, distinctly longitudinally veined, stalks 0.1-0.3 mm long; beaks 1.5-2.5 mm long.
Moist to mesic meadows, grassy slopes, thickets and open forests in the steppe and montane zones; frequent in BC east of Coast-Cascade Mountains; N to YT and NT, E to PQ and S to MN, WI, SD, WY and OR.
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
2020-10-31 6:12:58 PM
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