E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Thelephora caryophyllea Schaeff. ex Fries
funnel-shaped Thelephora
Thelephoraceae

Species account author: Ian Gibson.
Extracted from Matchmaker: Mushrooms of the Pacific Northwest.

Introduction to the Macrofungi
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Distribution of Thelephora caryophyllea
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Species Information

Summary:
funnel-shaped with upper part more horizontal, or in double rosettes, or with overlapping wedge-shaped lobes, purplish brown to blackish brown or blackish purple, radially fibrillose to smooth, more or less zoned, with fringed margin irregularly torn or lobed, spore-bearing surface underneath smooth or streaked, stem absent or chestnut brown and usually central, growth on soil in coniferous woods, and elliptic angular-lobate spiny spores; distribution WA, ID, also NB, ON, PQ, AK, CA, CO, CT, DC, GA, IA, KY, MA, ME, MI, MN, MT, NC, NH, NY, OH, PA, VT, (Ginns), reported from BC (in Redhead); collections from BC at Pacific Forestry Centre and University of British Columbia
Fruiting body:
small to medium, thin rosettes of variable shape: caps 1-5cm wide, simple and shallowly vase-shaped, or compound, with several overlapping concentric discs or spatula-shaped lobes; upper surface purplish brown to blackish brown or blackish purple, fading
Flesh:
coriaceous [leathery], thin; brown, (Corner), thin; deep brown, (McKnight),
Stem:
0.4-1.7 x 0.2-0.5cm, central, occasionally lateral, occasionally almost lacking; chestnut brown, drying pallid; smooth, matte or subtomentose, (Corner), short to almost lacking, central or off-center; colored as cap, (McKnight), up to 3cm tall, (but sometimes absent), equal, cylindric, central; chestnut brown; a bit hairy and crusty, (Schalkwijk-Barendsen), 1cm long, 0.2-0.3cm wide, (Burt)
Odor:
none (Corner)
Taste:
not distinctive (McKnight)
Microscopic:
spores 6.5-8.5 x 5-7 microns, elliptic, angular, more or less lobate, echinulate [finely spiny] with spines up to 1 micron long, less often up to 1.5 microns long, rarely as blunt warts, umber purple, one to several droplets; basidia 2-4-spored, 47-65 x 8-10 microns or 70-90 x 9-12 microns, sterigmata 7-8.5 microns long; cystidia none; hyphae 3-6.5(8) microns wide, with clamp connections, secondarily septate, developing firm, slightly thickened brown walls, hymenium generally cyanescent in KOH, the trama not, (Corner), spores 6.5-8.5 x 5-7 microns, angular-elliptic or lobed, with long spines, (McKnight)
Spore Deposit:
yellowish brown (Schalkwijk-Barendsen), purple-brown (Buczacki)

Habitat / Range

on sandy ground in coniferous woods, (Corner), single or in groups on soil in coniferous woods, summer and fall, (McKnight)

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Range and Status Information Links

Edibility

not edible (McKnight)

Additional Photo Sources

Related Databases

Species References

Corner(4), McKnight(1)*, Burt(3), Schalkwijk-Barendsen(1)*, Redhead(5), Ginns(5), Buczacki(1)*

References for the fungi

General References