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Summary: Tricholoma sejunctum is characterized by a yellowish, slightly viscid cap with dark streaks; whitish notched gills that often become yellow near the margin of the cap or sometimes overall; stem that is whitish to yellowish; absent veil; farinaceous odor; and white spore deposit. Arora(1) says it is fairly common in Pacific Northwest. It is reported from BC by Gamiet(2), from ID by Andrew Parker, pers. comm., and from CA by MykoWeb. Bessette(5) say widely distributed in N. America and show photographs from WA, AK, NY, and WV. There are collections at the University of Washington from AK, WA, OR, and MS, collections at the University of British Columbia from BC and PQ, collections at Oregon State University from OR and FL, and a collection from MT at the New York Botanical Garden.
Cap: 3-8(10)cm across, convex to flat or broadly umbonate; yellow or greenish yellow with "dark innate (flattened) fibrils or streaks radiating from the blackish to brown center"; "slightly viscid or tacky when moist, smooth", sometimes with small scales when old, (Arora), 3.5-7.5cm across, convex when young, becoming nearly flat when old, with low to prominent umbo, margin splitting radially when old; virgate [radially streaked] with blackish or very dark brown fibrils over yellow background, the yellow often visible only at margin, overall color dark greenish yellow; "viscid becoming dry, appressed-fibrillose", (Shanks)
Flesh: white or tinged yellow (Arora), thin; white to watery gray, in stem white and when old watery gray, (Shanks)
Gills: fairly close, typically notched; at first whitish or creamy white, but often becoming yellow near cap margin or occasionally yellowish throughout, (Arora), adnate to sinuate, close, 0.5-1.5cm broad, thin, splitting when old; pale grayish yellow, pale yellow or pastel yellow, (Shanks)
Stem: 5-8(12)cm x 1-2(3)cm, more or less equal or somewhat swollen in lower part, firm; "whitish, but often developing yellowish tints"; smooth, (Arora); 4-9cm x 1-1.5cm, equal or widening downward to slightly bulbous base, solid or hollow; color often uneven, white with yellow areas or pale yellow to yellow overall; dry, silky-fibrillose, (Shanks)
Veil: absent (Arora)
Odor: farinaceous (Arora), not distinctive or farinaceous, (Shanks), of mildew or farinaceous (Miller)
Taste: often bitter or nauseating, but in some forms mild, (Arora), not distinctive or farinaceous, (Shanks)
Microscopic spores: spores 5-7 x 4-5.5 microns, elliptic, smooth, [presumably inamyloid], (Arora), spores 5.3-8.2 x 3.8-6.2 microns, broadly elliptic to nearly round, smooth, inamyloid, colorless; basidia 4-spored, 31-41 x 7.2-9.6 microns, clavate; cheilocystidia absent or rare, 20-35 x 7-14 microns, broadly clavate to spheropedunculate, colorless, thin-walled; clamp connections absent, (Shanks)
Spore deposit: white (Arora)
Habitat / Range
scattered or in groups under both hardwoods and conifers, mainly in fall, (Arora), scattered to gregarious in mixed woods or with Picea sitchensis (Sitka Spruce) in coastal forests, October to December, (Shanks for California), fall, winter
Tricholoma flavovirens "has warmer brown colors on its (basically) yellow cap, lacks dark radial fibrils, and has gills and stalk that usually are uniformly pale to bright yellow, rather than whitish flushed with yellow" (Bessette(5)). Tricholoma intermedium is intermediate between T. sejunctum and T. flavovirens, and has whitish gills and stem, sometimes with some yellow on stem, and the cap color may be pale greenish yellow but the surface is not virgate (radially streaked), (Shanks). Tricholoma subluteum "lacks a dark disc, its cap fibrils occur mostly toward the margin, and it lacks clamp connections", (Bessette(5)). Tricholoma sejunctum var. coryphaeum is a variety accorded species status by some authors. Tricholoma davisiae is somewhat similar but has a dry cap.
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
2020-07-11 10:39:14 AM
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