E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Trifolium hybridum L.
alsike clover
Fabaceae (Pea family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Alfred Cook  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #8500)

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Distribution of Trifolium hybridum
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from a taproot; stems several, ascending to erect, 10-60 cm tall, rarely rooting at the nodes, slightly hairy.
Alternate, palmately compound; leaflets 3, thin, elliptic to egg-shaped, 1-3 cm long, fine-toothed, glabrous except for short curly hairs on the stalks; stipules narrowly egg-shaped, veined, 5-25 mm long, the tips long-tapering.
Inflorescence a dense, globe-shaped, axillary head of pea-like, spreading to nodding flowers, the heads 1.5-2.5 cm wide, without involucres, on stalks to 15 cm long, mostly longer than the subtending leaves; corollas pink to reddish or white, 5-10 mm long; calyces 1/2 -1/3 as long as the corollas, sparsely hairy at the base of the green, awl-shaped teeth, the tube 10-veined, whitish.
Pods, oblong; seeds 1-3.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Late Spring
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Brown
Present over the Summer
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry roadsides, fields and waste places in the lowland, steppe and montane zones; common in BC south of 54oN and to 57oN in NE BC, infrequent northward; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Trifolium hybridum

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 520 946 2270
Slope Gradient (%) 0 7 60
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0 194 356
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
2 4 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BWBS(3), CWH(2), ESSF(1), ICH(4), IDF(50), MS(13), SBS(25)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Trifolium elegans Savi
Trifolium hybridum subsp. elegans (Savi) Asch. & Graebn.
Trifolium hybridum var. elegans (Savi) Boiss.
Trifolium hybridum var. pratense Rabenh.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References