E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Trifolium repens L.
white clover
Fabaceae (Pea family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Bob Thacker  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #82536)

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Distribution of Trifolium repens
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from a slender taproot; stems branching from the base, creeping to erect, often rooting at the nodes, often mat-forming as a pioneer, 10-60 cm long, glabrous or sparsely hairy.
Alternate or clustered, palmately compound, the leaf-stalks longer than the leaflets; leaflets 3, egg-shaped, rounded with a notch at the tip, 1-2.5 cm long, often with a pale blotch, fine-toothed; stipules 3-10 mm long, joined for most of their length, white-membranous, pointy-tipped.
Inflorescence a dense, globe-shaped, axillary head, 1.5-2.5 cm wide, of numerous, spreading to nodding, pea-like flowers, the heads on long (to 30 cm) stalks, lacking involucres; corollas creamy white to pinkish, 5-10 mm long; calyces glabrous, 1/2 the length of the corollas, the tube bell-shaped and white with green veins, the narrowly lanceolate, pointy-tipped teeth shorter than to as long as the tube.
Pods, oblong, about 5 mm long; seeds 1 to 4.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Late Spring
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Brown
Present over the Summer
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry roadsides, fields, lawns, meadows and waste places in the lowland, steppe and montane zones; common in BC S of 55o N, rare northward; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Trifolium repens

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 2 986 2128
Slope Gradient (%) 0 8 230
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0 142 355
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 4 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BG(4), BWBS(5), CDF(1), CWH(9), ESSF(6), ICH(14), IDF(156), MS(39), PP(6), SBPS(10), SBS(24)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Trifolium repens var. atropurpureum hort.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References