E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Triticum aestivum L.
wheat (common wheat)
Poaceae (Grass family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants
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Distribution of Triticum aestivum
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Species Information

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Annual grass from fibrous roots, sometimes flowering as a winter annual; stems 40-150 cm tall.
Sheaths open; blades flat (in-rolled in bud), 5-20 mm wide; ligules membranous, scarcely 1 mm long; ear-shaped lobes at leaf-bases prominent.
Inflorescence a terminal spike, 5-12 cm long, awned or awnless, with 1 spikelet per node; spikelets 2- to 5-flowered, unstalked; glumes firm, keeled, strongly 3- (or more) nerved, sharp-pointed to awned, the awns 1 to several; lemmas broad, lopsidely keeled, several-nerved, the nerves non-convergent, 4-5 mm long, sharp-pointed to awned; lodicules oblong, slenderly lobed to fringed with hairs, about 1 mm long; anthers up to 1.5 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Early Spring
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Brown
Present from Spring to Summer
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry waste areas and roadsides in the lowland, steppe and montane zones; rare in S BC; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Triticum aestivum

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 603 603 603
Slope Gradient (%) 0 0 0
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
3 3 3
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: IDF(1)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Triticum hybernum L.
Triticum macha Dekap. & Menab.
Triticum sativum Lam.
Triticum sphaerococcum Percival
Triticum vulgare Vill.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References