E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Triticum aestivum L.
wheat (common wheat)
Poaceae (Grass family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants
Once images have been obtained, photographs of this species will be displayed in this window.Click on the image to enter our photo gallery.
Currently no image is available for this taxon.
E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Triticum aestivum
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend
Details about map content are available here
Click on the map dots to view record details.

Species Information

Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this species.



General:
Annual grass from fibrous roots, sometimes flowering as a winter annual; stems 40-150 cm tall.
Leaves:
Sheaths open; blades flat (in-rolled in bud), 5-20 mm wide; ligules membranous, scarcely 1 mm long; ear-shaped lobes at leaf-bases prominent.
Flowers:
Inflorescence a terminal spike, 5-12 cm long, awned or awnless, with 1 spikelet per node; spikelets 2- to 5-flowered, unstalked; glumes firm, keeled, strongly 3- (or more) nerved, sharp-pointed to awned, the awns 1 to several; lemmas broad, lopsidely keeled, several-nerved, the nerves non-convergent, 4-5 mm long, sharp-pointed to awned; lodicules oblong, slenderly lobed to fringed with hairs, about 1 mm long; anthers up to 1.5 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Yellow
Blooming Period:
Early Spring
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Brown
Present from Spring to Summer
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry waste areas and roadsides in the lowland, steppe and montane zones; rare in S BC; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Triticum aestivum

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 603 603 603
Slope Gradient (%) 0 0 0
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
3 3 3
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
C
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
2
Modal BEC Zone Class
IDF
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: IDF(1)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Triticum hybernum L.
Triticum macha Dekap. & Menab.
Triticum sativum Lam.
Triticum sphaerococcum Percival
Triticum vulgare Vill.
Triticum

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References