E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Vaccaria pyramidata Medikus
cow-basil (cow-cockle; cowherb)
Caryophyllaceae (Pink family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Thayne Tuason  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #76414)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Vaccaria pyramidata
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend
Details about map content are available here
Click on the map dots to view record details.

Species Information

Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this species.



General:
Annual herb from a slender taproot; stems erect, solitary, branched, glabrous and more or less glaucous, 15-80 cm tall.
Leaves:
Basal leaves oblong-lanceolate, glabrous, glaucous; stem leaves opposite, lanceolate to oblong, heart-shaped, unstalked, 3-9 cm long, 5-25 mm wide, glabrous, glaucous; stipules lacking.
Flowers:
Inflorescence of few to many flowers in open clusters; petals 5, pink, the blade wedge-shaped or egg-shaped, 5-8 mm long; sepals 5, often purplish, united, forming a tube 11-15 mm long, with 5 sharp angles or wings, glabrous.
Fruits:
Capsules globular, 1-celled; seeds reddish-black, globose, 1.7-2.1 mm wide.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Dry fields and waste places in the steppe and lower montane zones; rare in SW and SC BC; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Vaccaria pyramidata

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 675 799 892
Slope Gradient (%) 22 41 60
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
142 168 190
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
2 2 4
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
B
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
4
Modal BEC Zone Class
PP
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: PP(1)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Saponaria vaccaria
Vaccaria segetalis

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

Related Databases

General References