General: Erect, spreading shrub; stems 0.4-2 m tall, angled; glabrous; young twigs brownish to yellowish or reddish; old branches greyish.
Leaves: Alternate, deciduous, oval to broadly egg-shaped, 1-5 cm long, 0.7-3 cm wide, blunt at both ends, entire or sometimes very slightly toothed, glabrous, more or less with a whitish bloom on the lower surfaces.
Flowers: Solitary in leaf axils, appearing before the leaves have reached half their mature size; flower stalks 1-8 mm long, strongly curved downward in fruit, not enlarged immediately under the berry; corollas pinkish, tubular urn-shaped, about 4-7 mm long, usually longer than wide, widest just below midlength; calyces shallowly lobed, the lobes deciduous (rarely persistent) in fruit; filaments glabrous, shorter than the anthers; anthers awned, with terminal pores.
Fruits: Berries, globe-shaped, 6-9 mm wide, purplish-black to bluish-black, mostly with distinct bluish bloom; pleasantly tart.
Mesic to wet forests and openings, and bogs in the lowland to subalpine zones; common throughout C and S BC; amphiberingian, N to AK and S YT, disjunct to ON, MI, PQ, NF, and NS, and S to OR and MT; E Asia.
A shade-tolerant, submontane to subalpine, Asian and transcontinental North American deciduous shrub mostly in the Pacific and Cordilleran regions, rare in the Central and Atlantic regions. Occurs on fresh to very moist, nitrogen-poor soils with boreal, cool temperate, and cool mesothermal climates; its occurrence increases with increasing latitude and decreases with increasing continentality.
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2017. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
21/05/2019 7:40:45 PM
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