E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Vaccinium parvifolium Sm.
red huckleberry
Ericaceae (Crowberry family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Dave Ingram  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #6067)

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Distribution of Vaccinium parvifolium
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Species Information

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General:
Erect shrub; stems 1-4 m tall, bright green, very prominently angled, glabrous or minutely hairy when young.
Leaves:
Alternate, deciduous (often some persistent), oval to oblong-elliptic, 0.9-3 cm long, 0.4-1.6 cm wide, entire, glabrous to minutely hairy, tips usually rounded; juvenile leaves persistent, dark green, finely toothed.
Flowers:
Solitary in leaf axils; flower stalks 2-8 mm long; corollas yellowish-pink, waxy, broadly bell- to urn-shaped, 4-5 mm long; calyces shallowly lobed, the lobes persistent in fruit; filaments glabrous; anthers with prominent spreading awns, the apical pore-bearing tubes short.
Fruits:
Berries, globe-shaped, 6-10 mm wide, bright red; edible, often tart.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
White
Blooming Period:
Spring
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Red
Present over the Summer
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Dry to moist forests and on decaying wood in the lowland and montane zones; common in W BC, mainly west of the Coast-Cascade Mountains, infrequent in SE BC; N to SE AK and S to CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Vaccinium parvifolium

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 0 282 1850
Slope Gradient (%) 0 26 410
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0 232 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 4 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
C
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
4860
Modal BEC Zone Class
CWH
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: CDF(163), CMA(1), CWH(4233), ESSF(7), ICH(123), IDF(45), MH(157), MS(1), SBS(15)

Ecological Indicator Information

A shade-tolerant, submontane to subalpine, Western North American deciduous shrub distributed more in the Pacific than the Cordilleran region. Occurs in cool mesothermal climates on nitrogen-poor soils; its occurrence decreases with increasing elevation and continentality.

SourceIndicator Plants of Coastal British Columbia (Information applies to coastal locations only)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is cool mesothermal.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

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General References