E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Valeriana edulis Nutt. ex Torr. & A. Gray var. edulis
edible valerian

Introduction to Vascular Plants
Once images have been obtained, photographs of this species will be displayed in this window.Click on the image to enter our photo gallery.
Currently no image is available for this taxon.
E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Valeriana edulis var. edulis
Click here to view our interactive map and legend
Details about map content are available here
Click on the map dots to view record details.

Species Information

Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this species.

Perennial herb from a stout taproot and branched stem-base with fibrous roots; stems erect, solitary, simple, usually smooth, 10-120 cm tall.
Basal leaves linear to egg-shaped, long-stalked, 7-40 cm long, 0.7-5 cm wide, simple or sometimes lobed; stem leaves opposite, 2-6 pairs, pinnately cleft with narrow segments, becoming unstalked, terminal lobe linear to narrowly lanceolate.
Inflorescence a compact panicle of either male, female or both female and male flowers; female flowers 1 mm long and male or male/female flowers 2.5-3.5 mm long; corollas white, either about 1 mm long (female) or 2.5-3.5 mm long (male), lobed, the lobes slightly shorter than the tubes; calyces with mostly 9-13 feathery segments; stamens only slightly exserted.
Achenes, egg-shaped, 2.5-4.5 mm long, short-hairy or nearly smooth.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist (sometimes saline) meadows in the montane zone; rare in SC BC; E to ON and S to SD, NM, AZ, NV and OR.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Valeriana edulis Nutt. ex T.& G.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References