E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Valeriana officinalis L.
garden heliotrope (common valerian; garden valerian)
Caprifoliaceae (Valerian family)
(Previously in Valerianaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Terry Finch  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #66335)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Valeriana officinalis
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend
Details about map content are available here
Click on the map dots to view record details.

Species Information

Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this species.

Perennial herb from a branched stem-base with fibrous roots; stems erect, clump-forming, fleshy, 60-100 cm tall.
Basal leaves lanceolate, pinnately divided into 8-21 leaflets with pointed tips, stalked, lower leaf surfaces hairy; stem leaves opposite, similar, not much reduced upwards, becoming short stalked upwards.
Inflorescence a corymbose, open cyme with numerous flowers; corollas pinkish-white, 4 mm long, lobed, the lobes 1 mm long; calyces with feathery segments.
Achenes, lance-oblong, 4.5-5 mm long, smooth.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry roadsides and disturbed sites; rare on S Vancouver Island and the adjacent mainland; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References