E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Valeriana officinalis L.
garden heliotrope (common valerian; garden valerian)
Caprifoliaceae (Valerian family)
(Previously in Valerianaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Terry Finch  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #66335)

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Distribution of Valeriana officinalis
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Species Information

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General:
Perennial herb from a branched stem-base with fibrous roots; stems erect, clump-forming, fleshy, 60-100 cm tall.
Leaves:
Basal leaves lanceolate, pinnately divided into 8-21 leaflets with pointed tips, stalked, lower leaf surfaces hairy; stem leaves opposite, similar, not much reduced upwards, becoming short stalked upwards.
Flowers:
Inflorescence a corymbose, open cyme with numerous flowers; corollas pinkish-white, 4 mm long, lobed, the lobes 1 mm long; calyces with feathery segments.
Fruits:
Achenes, lance-oblong, 4.5-5 mm long, smooth.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry roadsides and disturbed sites; rare on S Vancouver Island and the adjacent mainland; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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General References