E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Veronica beccabunga L.
American speedwell (American brooklime; European speedwell)
Plantaginaceae (Mare's-tail family)
(Previously in Scrophulariaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Bryan Kelly-McArthur  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #66068)

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Distribution of Veronica beccabunga
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Veronica beccabunga var. americana

Species Information

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Perennial amphibious herb from a shallow creeping rhizome, smooth throughout; stems trailing to ascending, 10-70 cm long/tall, rooting at the lower nodes, simple or branched, somewhat fleshy.
Opposite, short-stalked, lanceolate to egg-shaped, 1-5 (8) cm long, usually distinctly toothed.
Inflorescences several long, open, opposite, stalked racemes arising from the axils of upper leaves, the racemes of 5 to 25 stalked flowers, the flower stalks much longer than the linear bracts; corollas blue, saucer-shaped, 5-10 mm across, irregularly 4-lobed, the lobes much longer than the short tube, the lowest lobe narrower than the others; calyces 2-5 mm long, deeply 4-lobed, the lobes lanceolate to egg-shaped; styles 2-4 mm long, exserted; stamens 2.
Capsules, 3-4 mm long, a little wider than long, plump, somewhat globe-shaped, not or scarcely notched at the tip; seeds numerous, flattened, about 0.5 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Wet ditches, swamps, marshes, and shallow water along margins of streams and lakes in the lowland, steppe and montane zones; common in S BC, infrequent northward; N to AK, YT and NT, E to NF and S to NC, NE, TX, NM, AZ, CA, and MX.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Veronica beccabunga

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 0 862 2049
Slope Gradient (%) 0 2 60
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
12 290 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
3 6 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BG(2), BWBS(3), CDF(6), CWH(11), ESSF(7), ICH(12), IDF(16), MS(16), PP(6), SBS(19)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References