E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Veronica wormskjoldii Roem. & Schult.
Wormskjold's Alpine Speedwell (alpine speedwell; American alpine speedwell; Spring Speedwell; Thyme-leaved Speedwell)
Plantaginaceae (Mare's-tail family)
(Previously in Scrophulariaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Bryan Kelly-McArthur  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #77986)

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Distribution of Veronica wormskjoldii
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Veronica wormskjoldii var. wormskjoldii

Species Information

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Perennial herb from a shallow rhizome; stems erect or decumbent at the base; 10-30 cm tall, simple, long wavy-hairy, also glandular in the inflorescence.
Opposite, unstalked, elliptic to lanceolate, 1-4 cm long, entire to blunt-toothed, smooth to long-wavy-hairy.
Inflorescence a terminal bracted raceme, at first compact then elongating, of several stalked flowers; corollas violet-purple to light blue, saucer-shaped, 6-10 mm across, irregularly 4-lobed, the lobes much longer than the short tube, the upper lobe largest, the lowest lobe narrower than the others; calyces glandular-hairy, deeply 4-lobed, the lobes lanceolate, 3-6 mm long; styles short, 1-3 mm long; stamens 2, exerted, the filaments 1-1.5 mm long.
Capsules, 4-7 mm long, flattened, heart-shaped, longer than wide, notched at the tip, glandular-hairy; seeds numerous, flat, about 1 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Brown
Present over the Summer
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range


Ecological Framework for Veronica wormskjoldii

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 5 1869 2562
Slope Gradient (%) 0 21 300
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0 170 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 4 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: AT(102), BAFA(111), BWBS(2), cma(3), CWH(4), ESSF(483), ICH(7), IDF(5), IMA(34), MH(12), MS(41), SBPS(1), SBS(14), SWB(33)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is alpine tundra & boreal.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References