E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Vicia sativa L.
common vetch; garden vetch
Fabaceae (Pea family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Virginia Skilton  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #11962)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Vicia sativa
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Species Information

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PDFAB430T1
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General:
Perennial herb; stems upright or climbing, glabrous to stiff-hairy, 30-80 cm tall.
Leaves:
Alternate, pinnately compound; leaflets 8 to 16, linear-oblong to oblanceolate or egg-shaped, 1.5-3.5 cm long, squared-off to notched and with a slender point at the tip; tendrils well developed, branched, grasping; stipules 3-8 mm long, often deeply toothed, sometimes arrowhead-shaped, often with a dark blotch.
Flowers:
Inflorescence an axillary, barely-stalked raceme of 1-3 (usually a pair of) pea-like flowers; corollas purple to whitish, 15-25 mm long, the wings sometimes reddish; calyx-teeth nearly equal in size, awl-shaped, the lower teeth equalling or exceeding the bell-shaped tube.
Fruits:
Pods, narrowly oblong, 3-7 cm long, initially hairy becoming glabrous; seeds 4 to 12.
Notes:
Two varieties occur in BC:

1. Flowers usually at least 18 mm long, the wings often red; leaflets oblanceolate or broader................... var. sativa

1. Flowers usually less than 18 mm long, the wings usually not red; leaflets variable but often linear.................... var. angustifolia (L.) Wahlenb.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Purple
Blooming Period:
Early Spring
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Black
Present over the Spring
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Mesic roadsides, clearings and waste places in the lowland zone; infrequent on SE Vancouver Island and adjacent islands and the lower mainland; rare on the Queen Charlotte Islands; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Vicia sativa

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 15 151 732
Slope Gradient (%) 0 34 105
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
7 221 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 1 4
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
C
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
47
Modal BEC Zone Class
CDF
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: CDF(39), CWH(1), SBS(2)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is cool temperate & cool mesothermal.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Vicia globosa Retz.
Vicia sativa var. leucosperma (Moench) Ser.
Vicia sativa var. linearis Lange

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

Related Databases

General References