E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Viola purpurea var. venosa Kellogg (S. Watson) Brainerd
purple-marked yellow violet
Violaceae (Violet family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jim Riley  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #33929)

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Distribution of Viola purpurea var. venosa
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from a rhizome, not stoloniferous; stems erect, smooth, 5-15 cm tall.
Basal leaves lanceolate, egg-shaped or wedge-shaped, often purplish, especially on the veins, coarsely few-toothed or -lobed, the blades 1-5 cm long, 0.5-3 cm wide, the stalks 2-12 cm long; stem leaves similar, reduced, round-toothed to deeply toothed; stipules lanceolate, entire to few-toothed.
Inflorescence of single, axillary flowers; petals 5, yellow, the lower petal 5-12 mm long including the 1- to 1.5-mm long spur; the lower 3 usually purplish-brown pencilled, the lateral pair bearded; sepals 5, lanceolate; style heads bearded.
Capsules, short-hairy, 5-12 mm long; seeds brown.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Dry scree and gravelly or rocky slopes in the alpine zone; rare in SW BC, known only from Manning Park and Silvertip Mtn.; S to CO, UT, NV and CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References