Perennial herb from a short root stalk, without stolons, plants up to 15 cm tall; stems lacking.
Basal leaves heart- to kidney-shaped, the blades 1.5-3.5 cm long, 2-6 cm wide, toothed, smooth or hairy, especially beneath, the stalks 3-15 cm long, hairy; stem leaves lacking; stipules lanceolate, 3-10 mm long, toothed.
Inflorescence of single, axillary flowers; petals 5, white, the lower petal 10-15 mm long including the 1- to 1.5-mm long spur, the lower 3 purplish-pencilled, beardless; sepals 5, lanceolate; style heads smooth, slightly bilobed.
Capsules, nearly globular, smooth, usually purple; seeds brown.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|BAFA(1), BWBS(201), CWH(1), ESSF(108), ICH(48), IDF(27), MH(1), MS(35), PP(3), SBPS(21), SBS(180), SWB(23)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Viola renifolia var. brainerdii (Greene) Fernald
Viola renifolia var. renifolia