General: Perennial herb from a scaly rootstalk, with stolons; stems erect, finely hairy, 2-10 cm tall.
Leaves: Basal leaves evergreen, heart- to kidney-shaped, sometimes lanceolate, the blades 2-5 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, toothed, mottled with reddish-brown spots, the stalks 2-10 cm long; stem leaves few, similar, reduced; stipules brownish, membranous, lanceolate, entire or slender-toothed.
Flowers: Inflorescence of single, axillary flowers; petals 5, yellow, the lower petal 5-15 mm long including the 1- to 2-mm long, pouched spur, the lower 3 purplish-pencilled, the lateral pair yellow-bearded; sepals 5, lanceolate; style heads short-bearded.
A shade- tolerant/intolerant, submontane to montane, Western North American forb distributed more in the Pacific than the Cordilleran region. Occurs in maritime to submaritime cool mesothermal climates on moderately dry to fresh, nitrogen-medium soils; its occurrence decreases with increasing latitude and continentality. Common in mossy understories on water-shedding sites; occasionally persist on cutover areas.
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
2021-03-05 6:45:25 PM
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