E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Viola lanceolata L.
Lance-leaved Violet (bog white violet; Howell's Violet)
Violaceae (Violet family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Bruce Bennett  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #22937)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Viola lanceolata
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend
Details about map content are available here
Click on the map dots to view record details.

SUBTAXA PRESENT IN BC
Viola lanceolata ssp. lanceolata

Species Information

Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this species.



General:
Perennial herb from a rhizome, with stolons; stems almost lacking, smooth, 5-15 cm tall.
Leaves:
Basal leaves lanceolate to elliptic, toothed, smooth, the blades 3-6 cm long, 0.5-1.5 cm wide, bases wedge-shaped, the stalks reddish, equal to the leaves; stipules linear-lanceolate, 1 cm long, slender toothed.
Flowers:
Inflorescence of single, axillary flowers; petals 5, white, the lower petal 8-11 mm long including the 1- to 2-mm long spur; the lower 3 purple-pencilled, the lateral pair not bearded; sepals 5, lanceolate; style heads smooth.
Fruits:
Capsules, elliptic, smooth, 6-8 mm long; seeds brown.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist woodlands and peaty fields in the lowland zone; rare in SW BC, known only from Lulu Island; introduced from E North America.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Viola lanceolata

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 30 1055 1585
Slope Gradient (%) 0 24 60
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
70 171 270
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
2 4 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
D
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
18
Modal BEC Zone Class
BAFA
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BAFA(5), BWBS(2), CMA(2), CWH(4), ESSF(2), MH(3)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is cool temperate & cool mesothermal.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

Related Databases

General References