General: Perennial herb from a slender, elongate rootstock, without stolons, plants up to 5 cm tall; stems lacking.
Leaves: Basal leaves heart to egg-shaped, round-toothed, the blades 1.2-3 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, hairy above especially along the veins, the stalks 1.5-5 cm long; stem leaves lacking; stipules joined to the stalks, glandular-toothed, 6-15 mm long.
Flowers: Inflorescence of single, axillary flowers; petals 5, pale violet, the lower petal 8-13 mm long including the 3-5 mm long spur, all petals smooth; sepals 5, lanceolate; style heads smooth.
Mesic to moist rock outcrops, thickets, swamps and open forests in the montane zone; infrequent in SC BC and WC BC; circumpolar, N to AK, YT and SW NT, E to NF and S to ME, NH, PA, OH, WI, MN, SD and WA, disjunct in NM; Eurasia.
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
2020-09-23 8:12:36 PM
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