E-Fauna BC: Electronic Atlas of the Wildlife of British Columbia

Chiridota discolor Eschscholtz, 1829
Intertidal Jellybean
Family: Chiridotidae

© Aaron Baldwin  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #3820)

E-Fauna BC Static Map
Distribution of Chiridota discolor in British Columbia
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Species Information


Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this taxon. If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., two subspecies may be illustrated) then links to the separate images will be provided below.



Several species of Chiridota have been described from the waters of the northeastern Pacific. The species are poorly defined and difficult to distinguish; so until the taxonomy is revised, I cannot present definitive descriptions. C. albatrossii has the most complete description and is probably the common deepwater species.

All species are wormlike, varying in length up to 30 cm. Five longitudinal muscles and other organs are visible through the translucent skin. A series of white bumps (wheel papillae) of varying number occur in rows along the length of the body. These papillae contain clusters of microscopic wheel ossicles. The top pair in the figure is from a specimen collected near Auke Bay, Alaska, and the lower pair from near Victoria. There is a slight difference in size and detail, but they do not appear to be significantly different. Feeding tentacles are short and clawlike and range in number from 12 to 15, with 8 to 12 side branches. When freshly dredged, swollen sections of the body look like clear jelly beans.

Chiridota discolor can grow up to 30 cm long. It ranges in colour from whitish, yellowish, greyish, reddish to brownish: the shade depending on the abundance of red pigment in the skin and degree of contraction of the body. It has 12 tentacles, each with 4 or 5 pairs of digits. The few wheel papillae are usually confined to the dorsal side of the body in irregular rows. The diameter of the wheels is 50-105 μm. No other types of ossicles are found.

Similar Species

Chiridota is similar to the other common wormlike genus, Leptosynapta, but Leptosynapta is usually yellow, reddish or white; it has no rows of white spots, and it inhabits muddy intertidal or shallow subtidal areas. Leptosynapta species have anchors and anchor plates in the skin, not wheel ossicles.

Biology

Etymology

chirido = sleeve
Biology

While scuba diving on the evening of 28 March 1997 in Sechelt Inlet, Neil McDaniel observed large numbers of Chiridota extending from a mixed shell-gravel-mud substratum and releasing gametes from the anterior end. To my knowledge, this has not been reported in the literature before.

Habitat


In southeastern Alaska C. discolor occurs at low tide under rocks in sand and gravel.

Status Information

Origin StatusProvincial StatusBC List
(Red Blue List)
COSEWIC
UnlistedUnlistedUnlistedUnlisted
BC Ministry of Environment: BC Species and Ecosystems Explorer--the authoritative source for conservation information in British Columbia.

Additional Range and Status Information Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References


Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2019. E-Fauna BC: Electronic Atlas of the Fauna of British Columbia [efauna.bc.ca]. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed: 18/11/2019 4:18:31 PM]
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