E-Fauna BC: Electronic Atlas of the Wildlife of British Columbia

Reinhardtius hippolossoides (Walbaum, 1792)
Greenland Halibut
Family: Pleuronectidae

© Aaron Baldwin  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #18654)

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Species Information

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 83 - 108; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 62 - 79; Vertebrae: 60 - 64. Dorsal origin behind posterior edge of upper eye. Caudal slightly forked to truncate. Pectorals small.

Source: FishBase. Nielsen, J.G. 1986 . (Ref. 4705)


Species Biology

Often caught pelagically (Ref. 4705). Adults prefer bottom temperatures of -0.5°C to 6.0°C (Ref. 5951). Epibenthic (Ref. 58426). Feed on crustaceans, fishes (Ref. 4705, 6885), eelpouts, capelin, redfishes, deep sea prawns and other bottom invertebrates (Ref. 35388). Batch spawner (Ref. 51846). Environment: benthopelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); marine; depth range 1 - 2000 m (Ref. 6793), usually 500 - 1000 m (Ref. 6263). Climate: boreal; -1 – 4°C (Ref. 43586); 79°N - 33°N, 180°W - 180°E

Source: FishBase. Nielsen, J.G. 1986 . (Ref. 4705)



Circumglobal: In arctic and temperate waters; northern hemisphere. Sea of Japan off Honshu north to Shishmaref, Alaska in the Chukchi

Source: FishBase. Nielsen, J.G. 1986 . (Ref. 4705)

Status Information

Origin StatusProvincial StatusBC List
(Red Blue List)
BC Ministry of Environment: BC Species and Ecosystems Explorer--the authoritative source for conservation information in British Columbia.

Additional Range and Status Information Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References

Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2019. E-Fauna BC: Electronic Atlas of the Fauna of British Columbia [efauna.bc.ca]. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed: 2020-07-12 6:58:52 AM]
Disclaimer: The information contained in an E-Fauna BC atlas pages is derived from expert sources as cited (with permission) in each section. This information is scientifically based.  E-Fauna BC also acts as a portal to other sites via deep links.  As always, users should refer to the original sources for complete information.  E-Fauna BC is not responsible for the accuracy or completeness of the original information.

© E-Fauna BC: An initiative of the Spatial Data Lab, Department of Geography, UBC