Perennial from a long, heavy taproot; stems leafless, 1-several, exuding milky juice when broken, 10-70 cm tall.
All basal, extremely variable, linear to broadly lanceolate, 5-35 cm long, 1-30 mm wide, entire or toothed to laciniate-pinnatifid or few lobed, glaucous or glabrous or sparsely hairy on the margins and midribs below.
Heads with strap-shaped flowers, solitary; involucres narrowly bell-shaped, 1-3 cm tall; involucral bracts graduated or subequal, lanceolate, attenuate or sometimes obtuse, frequently purple-margined, glabrous, the outer series shorter; receptacles naked; ray flowers yellow, often drying pinkish.
Achenes smooth, long, the body tapering gradually to a stout, grooved beak which is about half as long as the body or, as in ours, more commonly beakless; pappus of numerous hairlike bristles, 10-12 mm long, white.
Present from Summer to Fall
Source: The USDA
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|AT(22), BAFA(8), BG(17), BWBS(1), CWH(63), ESSF(226), ICH(1), IDF(144), IMA(14), MS(89), PP(27), SBPS(61), SBS(1), SWB(1)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013