Alopecurus carolinianus Walter
Carolina meadow-foxtail (Carolina foxtail)
Poaceae (Grass family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Adolf Ceska     (Photo ID #11371)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Alopecurus carolinianus
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Annual (or winter annual) tufted grass from fibrous roots; stems 10-30 (40) cm tall.
Sheaths open; blades more or less rough at least on the upper surfaces, 2-4 mm wide; ligules jagged, long-pointed, (2) 3-4 (5) mm long.
Inflorescence a pale green cylindrical panicle, mostly 2-6 cm long; spikelets less than 4 mm long (excluding the awns); glumes (2) 2.3 (2.6) mm long, fringed with fine, stiff hairs on the keels, long-hairy on the lateral nerves, tips rounded; lemmas with margins fused to their midlength, equal to or slightly longer than the glumes, awned, the awns inserted 0.5 mm above the base, usually abruptly bent, slender, longer than the glumes (extending 2.5 mm or more beyond them), about 2-3 mm long; anthers 0.3-0.4 (0.5) mm long.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Yellow
Present over the Summer
Source:  The USDA


Ecological Framework for Alopecurus carolinianus

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
1150 1150 1150
Slope Gradient (%)
20 20 20

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

57 58 58
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
4 4 4
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in


Habitat and Range

Wet to moist vernal pools, roadsides and meadows in the lowland zone; rare on S Vancouver Island, the Gulf Islands and SC BC; E to S SK and S to ME, MA, PA, NC, FL, MS, LA, TX, NM, AZ, MX and CA.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Alopecurus macounii Vasey
Alopecurus ramosus Poir.