E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Alopecurus pratensis L.
meadow-foxtail (meadow foxtail; meadow meadow-foxtail)
Poaceae (Grass family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jamie Fenneman  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #6630)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Alopecurus pratensis
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Species Information

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Perennial, tufted grass from fibrous roots; stems erect or decumbent, sometimes rooting at the lowest nodes, 30-90 (110) cm long/tall.
Sheaths open; blades flat, rough, mostly 3-10 mm wide; ligules of the lower leaves nearly entire, blunt, 1.5-2 mm long, those of the upper leaves finely jagged with fine hairs, sometimes more or less jagged, blunt to rounded, up to 6 mm long.
Inflorescence a cylindrical panicle, 3-10 cm long, the ends slightly tapered but not sharp-pointed (rounded); spikelets often over 4.5 mm long (excluding awns); glumes with the nerves and keels fringed with long, fine hairs, sharp-pointed, (4) 5 (6) mm long; lemmas smooth or hairy on the keels above, the margins fused for 1 mm or less, subequal to the glumes, sharp-pointed, awned, the awns inserted at about 1 mm above the base, abruptly bent, exserted 2-5 mm beyond the glumes; anthers 2.3-3.5 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Brown
Present from Spring to Summer
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Wet to mesic meadows, fallow fields, and roadsides; infrequent in the lowland, steppe and montane zones in SC and SW BC; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Alopecurus pratensis

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 950 1033 1116
Slope Gradient (%) 0 2 5
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
234 234 234
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
4 5 6
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: IDF(1), SBPS(1)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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General References