Biennial or perennial herb from a taproot, softly spreading-hairy; stems often several, 30-80 cm tall.
Basal and lower leaves stalked, oblanceolate, 6-20 cm long (stalk included) and 1-2.5 cm wide, the others gradually reduced upwards, becoming unstalked and more lanceolate, alternate, entire.
Inflorescence a coiled cluster; petals blue-purple, fused into a tube 6-11 mm long that spreads (6-11 mm wide) at the top to 5 tooth-shaped lobes, throat closed by 5 white, hairy bulges; calyx lobes 5, lanceolate, stiff-hairy.
Nutlets 4, clustered together, horizontal, squat, asymmetric or conical, concave and with a thickened rim at the base, 2 mm high, 3-4 mm long.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
Source: Klinkenberg 2013
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Anchusa procera Besser ex Link