E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Anemone multifida Poir. var. multifida
cut-leaved anemone (Pacific anemone)
Ranunculaceae (Buttercup family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Heinz Baum  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #1055)

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Distribution of Anemone multifida var. multifida
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from a woody stem-base; stems 1 to many, erect, 10-60 cm tall, sparsely to abundantly hairy
Basal, 3 to 6, ascending, 3-10 cm wide, palmately 1- or 2-times 3-parted, margins incised on upper 1/3, the ultimate segments 2-3.5 mm wide, smooth to long-hairy on upper surfaces, long-hairy on lower; stalks 4-10 cm long.
Inflorescence a 2- to 7-flowered, terminal cyme, or a solitary flower; flower stalks long soft-hairy; involucral bracts usually 3 to 5, occasionally 2 in secondary bracts, leaf-like, short-stalked, similar to basal leaves but reduced, ultimate segments 1.5-3 mm wide, sometimes incompletely 3- parted; petals absent; sepals usually 5 to 9, petal-like, from cream-coloured to yellowish and tinged with blue, purple, or red, especially on outer surface, sometimes wholly pink, egg-shaped to oblong, 5-17 mm long, 5-7 mm wide, hairy on outside, smooth inside; stamens 50-80, whitish; styles white.
Achenes, numerous in a spheric head on stalks 6-15 cm long, the achenes irregularly elliptic, flat, 3-4 mm long, 1.5-2 mm wide, not winged, woolly or long-hairy; beaks more or less straight, curved or hooked at tip, 1-6 mm long, smooth.
Two varieties occur in our region:

1. Plants (10) 20-40 cm tall; inflorescence (1-) 2- to 3-flowered................... var. saxicola Boivin

1. Plants (30) 40-60 cm tall; inflorescence (2-) 5- to 7-flowered..................... var. multifida

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry grasslands, shrublands, open forests, rock outcrops and meadows in the lowland to subalpine zones; common throughout BC; N to AK, YT and NT, E to NF and S to NY, ME, NE, NM, NV and N CA, disjunct in S America.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Anemone globosa (Torr. & A. Gray) Nutt. ex Pritz.
Anemone hudsoniana (DC.) Richardson
Anemone multifida subsp. globosa (Torr. & A. Gray) Torr. & A. Gray, nom. nud.
Anemone multifida var. globosa Torr. & A. Gray
Anemone multifida var. hudsoniana DC.
Anemone multifida var. nowosadii B. Boivin
Anemone multifida var. richardsiana
Anemone multifida var. sansonii B. Boivin

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References