E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Angelica genuflexa Nutt.
kneeling angelica

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jamie Fenneman  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #9987)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Angelica genuflexa
Click here to view our interactive map and legend
Details about map content are available here
Click on the map dots to view record details.

Species Information

Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this species.

Stout perennial herb from a taproot; stems 1-3 m, glabrous, hollow, arising from erect, tuberous, chambered stem-base, often purplish and glaucous.
Stem leaves compound with three major divisions that are in turn divided again; primary divisions bent back (not directed forward as in other similar species); leaf axis bent; leaflets reflexed, oblong to lanceolate, 4-10 cm long.
Inflorescence terminal, of umbrella-like clusters; flowers white or pinkish; involucral bracts lacking.
Rounded, 3-4 mm long, glabrous, with broadly winged lateral ribs.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist streambanks and open forests in the montane zone; common throughout BC, infrequent in the Queen Charlotte Islands and the adjacent coast; amphiberingian, N to AK, E to AB and S to N CA; E Asia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Angelica genuflexa

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 0 653 2205
Slope Gradient (%) 0 3 86
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0 66 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
2 5 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BWBS(12), CDF(21), CWH(139), ESSF(51), ICH(63), IDF(10), MH(10), MS(4), SBPS(6), SBS(135), SWB(1)

Ecological Indicator Information

A shade-tolerant/intolerant, submontane to montane, Asian and Western North American forb distributed more in the Pacific than the Cordilleran region. Occurs in cool temperate and cool mesothermal climates on wet to very wet, nitrogen-rich soils (Moder and Mull humus forms): its occurrence decreases with increasing elevation and continentality. Common in open-canopy red alder, Sitka spruce, and western redcedar stands on water-collecting sites with gleysolic or organic soils. Often associated with Athyrium filix-femina and Lysichitum americanum. Inhabits depressions with a surface groundwater table. A nitrophytic species characteristic of nutrient-rich wetlands.

SourceIndicator Plants of Coastal British Columbia (Information applies to coastal locations only)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is cool temperate & cool mesothermal.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References