Arctium minus Bernh.
common burdock (lesser burdock)
Asteraceae (Aster family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Bryan Kelly-McArthur     (Photo ID #68901)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Arctium minus
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Large, coarse, biennial herb; stems erect, leafy, 0.5-1.5 m tall.
Basal leaves large, up to 60 cm long and 40 cm wide, egg- to heart-shaped, short-stalked or unstalked (the lower stalks hollow), green and nearly glabrous above, thinly white-woolly beneath; stem leaves similar, alternate, progressively reduced upwards.
Heads numerous in a relatively scattered, elongate inflorescence; involucres globose, burlike, 1.5-2.5, rarely 3.5 cm wide, nearly unstalked or on short stalks; involucral bracts in several series, long, narrow, angled, ascending with inwardly hooked tips; ray flowers lacking; disk flowers deep pink to purple, tubular.
Achenes glabrous, oblong, 3-angled, several-ribbed; pappus of numerous short bristles.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.


Ecological Framework for Arctium minus

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
554 35 930
Slope Gradient (%)
6 0 40

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

185 35 290
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
5 5 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

BG(19), CWH(7), IDF(9), PP(1)

Habitat and Range

Dry roadsides, disturbed areas and pastures in the lowland, steppe and montane zones; frequent in coastal, WC and S BC; introduced from Eurasia. Description

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Lappa minor Hill