E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Armeria maritima subsp. sibirica (Mill.) Willd. (Turcz. ex Boiss.) Nyman
thrift (Siberian sea thrift)
Plumbaginaceae (Leadwort family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Virginia Skilton  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #3381)

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Distribution of Armeria maritima subsp. sibirica
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Species Information

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General:
Perennial herb from a taproot; stems erect, solitary or several, simple, smooth, 10-50 cm tall.
Leaves:
Basal leaves linear, smooth to fringed and hairy, entire, 5-10 cm long, 1-3 mm wide, persistent, stem leaves lacking.
Flowers:
Inflorescence of dense, head-like flower clusters, 1.5-3 cm wide; flowers short-stalked in clusters of 3, subtended by 2 transparent bracts; corollas pinkish to lavender, deeply 5-lobed; calyces pinkish to lavender, 5-6 mm long, soft-hairy, 10 veined, longer than the corollas; outer involucral bracts purplish with papery margins.
Fruits:
Utricles, small, dry, 1-chambered; seeds 1.
Notes:
Two subspecies are recognized in BC:

1. Outer involucral bracts narrowly tapered or awl-shaped, surpassing the inner ones; leaves smooth......................... ssp. californica (Boiss.) Porsild

1. Outer involucral bracts egg-shaped to rounded, usually shorter than the inner ones; leaves usually minutely fringed below..................... ssp. sibirica (Turcz. ex Boiss.) Nyman

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist to mesic beaches and coastal bluffs in the lowland zone; infrequent along the coast, absent from the Queen Charlotte Islands; ssp. sibirica - N to AK and S to WA, ssp. californica - from Vancouver Island to CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Armeria arctica (Cham.) Wallr.
Armeria labradorica Wallr.
Armeria labradorica var. submutica (S.F. Blake) H.F. Lewis
Armeria maritima subsp. arctica (Cham.) Hultén
Armeria maritima subsp. labradorica (Wallr.) Hultén
Armeria maritima subsp. purpurea (W.D.J. Koch) A. Löve & D. Löve
Armeria maritima var. labradorica (Wallr.) G.H.M. Lawrence
Armeria maritima var. purpurea (W.D.J. Koch) G.H.M. Lawrence
Armeria maritima var. sibirica (Turcz. ex Boiss.) G.H.M. Lawrence
Armeria scabra Pall. ex Willd.
Armeria scabra subsp. sibirica (Turcz. ex Boiss.) Hyl.
Armeria vulgaris Willd. p.p.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References