Perennial herb from a taproot; stems erect, solitary or several, simple, smooth, 10-50 cm tall.
Basal leaves linear, smooth to fringed and hairy, entire, 5-10 cm long, 1-3 mm wide, persistent, stem leaves lacking.
Inflorescence of dense, head-like flower clusters, 1.5-3 cm wide; flowers short-stalked in clusters of 3, subtended by 2 transparent bracts; corollas pinkish to lavender, deeply 5-lobed; calyces pinkish to lavender, 5-6 mm long, soft-hairy, 10 veined, longer than the corollas; outer involucral bracts purplish with papery margins.
Utricles, small, dry, 1-chambered; seeds 1.
Two subspecies are recognized in BC:
1. Outer involucral bracts narrowly tapered or awl-shaped, surpassing the inner ones; leaves smooth......................... ssp. californica (Boiss.) Porsild
1. Outer involucral bracts egg-shaped to rounded, usually shorter than the inner ones; leaves usually minutely fringed below..................... ssp. sibirica (Turcz. ex Boiss.) Nyman
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Armeria arctica (Cham.) Wallr.
Armeria labradorica Wallr.
Armeria labradorica var. submutica (S.F. Blake) H.F. Lewis
Armeria maritima subsp. arctica (Cham.) Hultén
Armeria maritima subsp. labradorica (Wallr.) Hultén
Armeria maritima subsp. purpurea (W.D.J. Koch) A. Löve & D. Löve
Armeria maritima var. labradorica (Wallr.) G.H.M. Lawrence
Armeria maritima var. purpurea (W.D.J. Koch) G.H.M. Lawrence
Armeria maritima var. sibirica (Turcz. ex Boiss.) G.H.M. Lawrence
Armeria scabra Pall. ex Willd.
Armeria scabra subsp. sibirica (Turcz. ex Boiss.) Hyl.
Armeria vulgaris Willd. p.p.