Deciduous perennial, 5-13 cm tall.
Lanceolate, short stalked, the tips toothed; blades 1-pinnate; pinnae in 3 to 5 well-separated pairs, strongly ascending with minutely toothed margins, often shallowly incised.
2-pinnate, 1.5-2 times the length of trophophores.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
Source: Klinkenberg 2013