Perennial herb from rhizomes; stems slender, leafy, 15-60 cm tall, brownish- to reddish-hairy, often glandular-hairy.
Basal and lower stem leaves long-stalked, heart- to kidney-shaped, 2-8 cm wide, 5- to 7-cleft to about 1/2 their length, 2- to 3-times sharply-toothed, the teeth bristle-tipped; upper stem leaves unstalked; stipules slightly winged with several, long brownish bristles.
Inflorescence a terminal, open, compound panicle, the stalks reddish, densely glandular; flowers slightly irregular; petals white, 5-6 mm long, spoon-shaped to oblanceolate, short-clawed, deciduous; calyces 4-5 mm long, top- to urn-shaped, lobed about 1/3 length into narrowly lance-shaped segments, the lobes smooth, the base attached to ovary, glandular; stamens 5, shorter than sepals; pistils solitary, the ovary over 1/2 inferior.
Capsules, beaked; seeds black, minutely spiny.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
Source: Klinkenberg 2013
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Boykinia elata (Nutt.) Greene
Boykinia vancouverensis (Rydb.) Fedde