E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Campanula rotundifolia L.
common harebell (bluebell bellflower; bluebells-of-Scotland)
Campanulaceae (Bellflower family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Michael Wigle  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #13620)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Campanula rotundifolia
Click here to view our interactive map and legend
Details about map content are available here
Click on the map dots to view record details.

Species Information

Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this species.

Perennial herb from a taproot, slender rhizomes or branched stem-base; stems single to several, erect or ascending, 10-80 cm tall, more or less glabrous.
Basal leaves stalked, oval to heart-shaped, often deciduous; stem leaves alternate, toothed, linear to linear-lanceolate or egg-shaped, 1.5-8 cm long.
Inflorescence of several terminal clusters of numerous, bell-shaped flowers, erect or nodding; corollas 15-35 mm long, blue; calyx tubes glabrous; sepals entire.
Capsules, 5-8 mm long, nodding, cylindric to inverted cone-shaped.
There is little evidence to suggest that C. alaskana is anything other than a coastal race of the highly variable C. rotundifolia. Many taxonomists (e.g., Shetler 1963, Welsh 1974, Scoggan 1979, Kartesz 1994) do not recognize any infraspecific taxa within this species.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist to dry meadows and rock outcrops in all vegetation zones; common throughout BC; circumboreal, N to AK, YT and NT, E to NF and S to TX, NM and N CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Campanula rotundifolia

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 0 1288 2563
Slope Gradient (%) 0 35 170
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0 185 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 2 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: AT(16), BAFA(1), BG(5), BWBS(6), CMA(3), CWH(33), ESSF(226), ICH(55), IDF(229), IMA(2), MH(11), MS(141), PP(46), SBS(20), SWB(4)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Campanula alaskana (A. Gray) W. Wight ex J.P. Anderson
Campanula dubia A. DC.
Campanula gieseckiana Vest ex Schult.
Campanula gieseckiana subsp. groenlandica (Berlin) Böcher
Campanula gieseckiana var. arctica (Lange) Böcher
Campanula groenlandica Berlin
Campanula heterodoxa Bong.
Campanula intercedens Witasek
Campanula petiolata A. DC.
Campanula rotundifolia subsp. groenlandica (Berlin) A. Löve & D. Löve
Campanula rotundifolia subsp. intercedens (Witasek) A. Löve & D. Löve
Campanula rotundifolia var. alaskana A. Gray
Campanula rotundifolia var. alpina Tuck.
Campanula rotundifolia var. arctica Lange
Campanula rotundifolia var. intercedens (Witasek) Farw.
Campanula rotundifolia var. lancifolia Mert. & W.D.J. Koch
Campanula rotundifolia var. petiolata (A. DC.) J.K. Henry
Campanula rotundifolia var. rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia var. velutina A. DC.
Campanula sacajaweana M. Peck

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References