E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Cardamine pratensis L. subsp. pratensis
European field bitter-cress (cuckoo-flower; lady's smock)
Brassicaceae (Mustard family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants
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Distribution of Cardamine pratensis subsp. pratensis
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from a rhizome; stems 8-45 cm tall, glabrous.
Basal leaves with 9-17 orbicular to lanceolate leaflets, 0.2-0.9 cm long, glabrous; stem leaves with 9-15 linear to narrowly oblong leaflets, linear or lanceolate to linear-oblanceolate.
Inflorescence a simple raceme, without bracts; flower stalks spreading-ascending, 5-20 mm long, glabrous; petals pink, pink-purple, or white, 8-15 mm long; sepals 3-4.5 mm long.
Siliques, erect, 1.4-3 cm long, 1-1.5 mm wide, glabrous; styles 1-1.5 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Wet to moist streamsides, meadows, floodplains and open woods in the montane zone; frequent in SW BC (lower Fraser Valley, where it may be introduced), infrequent in N BC; circumpolar, N to AK, YT and NT, E to NF, S to OH and MS; Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

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