Perennial herb from creeping rhizomes; stems 5-40 cm tall, equalling the leaves or nearly so, roughened above.
Sheaths short, greenish-whitish; blades 2 to 4 from near the base, flat, 1-2 mm wide, the lower ones lacking or reduced, roughened at the tips.
Spikes solitary, with both female and male flowers, the male flowers towards the tips, 1-3 cm long, 2-3 mm wide, erect; bract subtending the spike lacking.
Perigynia lanceolate to narrowly elliptical, 3.8-4.2 mm long, 1.3-1.6 mm wide, yellowish-green to straw-coloured, obscurely compressed-triangular, smooth, many-nerved, the beaks about 1 mm long; female scales lanceolate, shorter or longer than the perigynia, the lower ones awn-tipped, the upper ones round-tipped, dark brown with 1- to 3-nerved green centres; stigmas 3, rarely 2; achenes 3-angled, granular, 1.3-1.5 mm long.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|AT(3), BAFA(3), BWBS(1), CMA(6), CWH(143), ESSF(15), MH(41), PP(1), SWB(1)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013