Perennial, tufted herb from long, creeping rhizomes; stems triangular, with smooth edges, 15-120 cm tall, equalling the leaves.
Sheaths tight, short; blades flat, well distributed along the stem, 3-7 mm wide, the lower ones slightly reduced.
The terminal spikes 1 to 3, short-stalked, with male flowers, the lower spikes 2 to 7, with female flowers, unstalked or with short stalks, 3-14 cm long, erect; bracts subtending the spikes leaflike, sheathless, the lower ones longer than the inflorescence, the upper ones reduced.
Perigynia egg-shaped, 2-3.6 mm long, 1.3-2.3 mm wide, brownish-green, 3-angled, the angles rounded, smooth to somewhat wrinkled, 2-nerved, the beaks entire; female scales egg-shaped, shorter than or about as long as the perigynia, often shortly awn-tipped, brownish-red to blackish, with lighter 3-nerved centres, with translucent margins; stigmas 2; achenes lens-shaped, granular, 1.4-1.8 mm long. Two subspecies may be recognized in BC 1. Male spikes 2 to 3; plants generally more than 20 cm tall; plants more common southward ssp. aquatilis 1. Male spike 1; plants generally less than 20 cm tall; plants more common northward ssp. stans (Drej.) Hult.
Present from Summer to Fall
Source: The USDA
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|BAFA(6), BWBS(133), CDF(1), CWH(23), ESSF(268), ICH(177), IDF(172), MH(9), MS(138), PP(1), SBPS(95), SBS(305), SWB(38)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013