Perennial herb from long, slender rhizomes; stems 5-30 cm tall, single or a few together, longer than the leaves.
Sheaths tight; ligules wider than long; blades 3 to 5 per stem, narrowly in-rolled, borne on the lower 1/2 of the stem, about 0.5 mm wide, the lower ones persisting, reduced.
Spikes solitary, usually with both female and male flowers, the few male flowers towards the tips, sometimes the spikes with all male flowers or all female flowers, the male segment broadly cylindrical, the female segment egg-shaped, 5-15 mm long, 2-4 mm wide, erect; bractless.
Perigynia egg-shaped, 2.5-4 mm long, 1.5-2 mm wide, yellowish to brownish-black, inflated, shiny, finely and many nerved above, reflexed when ripe, short-stalked, the beaks faintly toothed, about 0.5 mm long, bidentate; female scales egg-shaped, shorter but wider than the perigynia, pointed, reddish-brown to brown, the centres lighter; stigmas 2; achenes lens-shaped, 1.2-1.5 mm long.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|BAFA(1), BWBS(46), CWH(2), ESSF(22), ICH(5), IDF(4), MH(3), MS(9), SBPS(1), SBS(22), SWB(7)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Carex dioica subsp. gynocrates (Wormsk. ex Drejer) HultΘn
Carex dioica var. gynocrates (Wormsk. ex Drej.) Ostenf.
Carex parallela (Laest.) Sommerf.