Castilleja cusickii Greenm.
Cusick's paintbrush (Cusick's paintbrush)
Orobanchaceae (Broom-rape family)
(Previously in Scrophulariaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Ian Gardiner     (Photo ID #24188)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Castilleja cusickii
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Perennial herb from a somewhat woody stem-base; stems several, clustered, ascending to erect, often from decumbent bases, 10-50 cm tall, usually unbranched, sticky long-soft-hairy.
Alternate, appressed-ascending and overlapping, often obscuring the stem, sticky long-soft-hairy, the lower leaves linear-lanceolate and entire, the upper ones broader, 2-6 cm long, with 1 to 3 pairs of linear spreading lobes, mostly from above the middle.
Inflorescence a prominently bracted terminal spike, narrow and ultimately elongate, the bracts pale yellow, oblong, wider than the leaves and concealing the flowers, blunt to rounded at the top, glandular-hairy, with 1 or 2 pairs of short narrow lobes; corollas 20-28 mm long, 2-lipped, the upper lip beak-like, densely glandular-short-hairy, 4-7 mm long, included in the calyx or slightly exserted, much shorter than the tube, from slightly longer than to 3 times as long as the prominent, 3-lobed, lower lip; calyces often purplish, hairy, 20-30 mm long, deeply 2-lobed, these primary lobes broad and usually rounded at the top, entire or notched; stamens 4.
Capsules, 10-13 mm long; seeds many, the seed-coats loose, net-veined.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.


Ecological Framework for Castilleja cusickii

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
2303 2295 2312
Slope Gradient (%)
25 8 43

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

174 168 180
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 1 2
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in


Habitat and Range

Mesic meadows in the montane zone; rare in SC and SE BC; E to SW AB and S to W WY, ID NV and NE OR.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Castilleja lutea A. Heller