Perennial herb from a stout, somewhat woody stem-base; stems several, clustered, ascending to erect, 15-30 cm tall, usually unbranched, finely sticky glandular-hairy, especially in the inflorescence.
Alternate, linear-lanceolate, mostly entire, or the upper sometimes with a pair of short lobes, sticky short-hairy to glandular-long-hairy.
Inflorescence a prominently bracted terminal spike, the bracts crimson to scarlet, occasionally yellowish, oblong-egg-shaped, entire and rounded or rarely with a pair of short lobes near the top, sticky-long-hairy; corollas greenish, 20-30 mm long, 2-lipped, the upper lip beak-like, short-hairy, 8-12 mm long, nearly as long as the tube and 4-5 times the length of the thickened, 3-toothed lower lip; calyces hairy, 15-25 mm long, 2-lobed, these primary lobes again divided into 2 oblong, blunt, 1- to 4-mm long segments; stamens 4.
Capsules; seeds many, the seed-coats loose, net-veined.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|AT(10), ESSF(5), IMA(3)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Castilleja angustifolia var. whitedii Piper