Castilleja parviflora Bong.
small-flowered paintbrush
Orobanchaceae (Broom-rape family)
(Previously in Scrophulariaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Virginia Skilton     (Photo ID #47061)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Castilleja parviflora
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Perennial herb from a somewhat woody stem-base; stems several, clustered, erect or ascending, 10-30 (50) cm tall, unbranched, nearly smooth to thinly long-soft-hairy.
Alternate, lanceolate, 1.5-5 cm long, nearly smooth to sparsely soft-hairy, all except the lowermost cleft into 3 to 5 lateral lobes, the lobes usually much narrower than the mid-blade.
Inflorescence a prominently bracted terminal spike, the bracts rose-pink, magenta, crimson or sometimes whitish, lanceolate to egg-shaped, 3- to 5-lobed, long-soft-hairy, about as long as the flowers; corollas greenish, 12-25 mm long, 2-lipped, the upper lip beak-like, minutely hairy, 3-7 mm long, about as long as the tube and 3 or more times as long as the thickened, 3-toothed, lower lip; calyces 10-20 mm long, 2-lobed, these primary lobes again divided into 2 segments 3-6 mm long, coloured like the bracts; stamens 4.
Capsules, egg-shaped, smooth, 8-11 mm long; seeds many, the seed-coats loose and net-veined.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.


Ecological Framework for Castilleja parviflora

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
1566 32 2262
Slope Gradient (%)
29 0 300

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

185 10 346
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
4 0 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

AT(3), BAFA(30), BWBS(2), CMA(3), ESSF(52), ICH(3), IMA(3), MH(9), SBS(4), SWB(9)

Habitat and Range

Moist to mesic meadows, heath, streambanks and rocky slopes in the subalpine and alpine zones; frequent throughout BC; N to YT, E to SW AB and S to CA.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Castilleja parviflora var. albida (Pennell) Ownbey
Castilleja parviflora var. olympica (G.N. Jones) Ownbey