Perennial herb from a somewhat woody stem-base; stems 1 to several, clustered, erect or ascending, 20-50 cm tall, slender, simple or branched above, green or purplish, sparsely hairy below, minutely hairy to long-silky-hairy or cobwebby above.
Alternate, linear to lance-linear, 2-8 cm long, narrowly long-tapering to the sharp tips, entire or occasionally with a pair of slender lateral lobes, finely hairy on both surfaces.
Inflorescence a prominently bracted, terminal, ultimately elongate spike, the bracts rose-pink to violet-purple, oblong or oval to lanceolate, usually with a pair of short linear lateral lobes, sometimes entire, minutely hairy or with long-hairy margins; corollas 15-20 (25) mm long, 2-lipped, the upper lip beak-like, coarse-hairy, green with wide, smooth, purplish margins, 4-6 mm long, shorter than the tube and about 2 times as long as the prominent, violet-purple, 3-lobed lower lip; calyces coloured like the bracts, coarse-hairy towards the base, minutely hairy above, 13-20 mm long, 2-lobed, these primary lobes again cleft into 2 short segments; stamens 4.
Capsules, 8-11 mm long; seeds many, the seed-coats loose and net-veined.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
Source: Klinkenberg 2013