E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Castilleja levisecta Greenm.
golden paintbrush (golden paintbrush; golden paintbrush)
Orobanchaceae (Broom-rape family)
(Previously in Scrophulariaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Wylie Thomas  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #38489)

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Distribution of Castilleja levisecta
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from a somewhat woody stem-base; stems several, clustered, decumbent or creeping at the base, 10-50 cm tall, unbranched, sticky with long, soft, glandular hairs, especially above.
Alternate, lanceolate, sticky-long-hairy to minutely stiff-hairy, the lower leaves linear-lanceolate, entire, the upper ones oblong-egg-shaped with 1 to 3 pairs of short lateral lobes near the top.
Inflorescence a prominently bracted terminal spike, the spike narrow and ultimately elongate, the bracts golden-yellow, oblong, blunt, about as wide as the upper leaves, with 1 to 3 pairs of short lobes near the top, minutely hairy and also sticky-long-hairy, as long as and mostly concealing the flowers; corollas 20-23 mm long, 2-lipped, the upper lip beak-like, minutely hairy, shorter than the tube and 3-4 times as long as the lower lip; calyces long-hairy, 15-18 mm long, deeply 2-lobed, these primary lobes again divided into 2 linear, blunt segments; stamens 4.
Capsules; seeds many, the seed-coats loose and net-veined.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Dry to mesic, grassy meadows in the lowland zone; rare on SE tip of Vancouver Island and adjacent islands; S to OR.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Castilleja levisecta

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 792 792 792
Slope Gradient (%) 0 0 0
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
90 90 90
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
3 3 3
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: PP(1)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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General References