E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Cichorium intybus L.
chicory (common chicory)
Asteraceae (Aster family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Brian Klinkenberg  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #21037)

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Distribution of Cichorium intybus
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from a deep taproot; stems much branched, glabrous to stiff-hairy, 0.3-2.0 m tall.
Basal leaves oblanceolate, stalked, toothed or more often pinnately cut, 8-25 cm long, 1-7 cm wide; stem leaves becoming reduced, unstalked, and entire or toothed upwards.
Heads with strap-shaped flowers, borne 1-3 together in upper leaf axils; involucres cylindric, 9-15 mm tall; involucral bracts in 2 series, the outer ones loose, fewer than the erect inner ones and at least half as long; ray flowers blue, rarely pink or white; disk flowers lacking.
Achenes glabrous, grooved, 5-angled, beakless, 2-3 mm long; pappus of 1-3 series of small scales.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Mid Summer
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Brown
Present from Summer to Fall
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry roadsides and waste places in the lowland, steppe and montane zones; frequent in S BC; introduced from Europe.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Cichorium intybus

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 325 582 915
Slope Gradient (%) 0 24 62
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
73 76 333
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 2 4
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BG(2), IDF(3), PP(1)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Cichorium intybus var. foliosum Hegi
Cichorium intybus var. sativum (Bisch.) Janch.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References