Perennial herb from a deep taproot; stems much branched, glabrous to stiff-hairy, 0.3-2.0 m tall.
Basal leaves oblanceolate, stalked, toothed or more often pinnately cut, 8-25 cm long, 1-7 cm wide; stem leaves becoming reduced, unstalked, and entire or toothed upwards.
Heads with strap-shaped flowers, borne 1-3 together in upper leaf axils; involucres cylindric, 9-15 mm tall; involucral bracts in 2 series, the outer ones loose, fewer than the erect inner ones and at least half as long; ray flowers blue, rarely pink or white; disk flowers lacking.
Achenes glabrous, grooved, 5-angled, beakless, 2-3 mm long; pappus of 1-3 series of small scales.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
Present from Summer to Fall
Source: The USDA
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|BG(2), IDF(3), PP(1)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Cichorium intybus var. foliosum Hegi
Cichorium intybus var. sativum (Bisch.) Janch.