E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Claytonia sibirica L.
Siberian miner's-lettuce (Siberian springbeauty)
Montiaceae (Purslane family)
(Previously in Portulacaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Ian Cumming  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #3188)

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Distribution of Claytonia sibirica
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Species Information

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Perennial (sometimes annual) herb from a slender taproot or short rhizome; stems spreading to erect, few to several, 5-60 cm tall.
Basal leaves numerous, the blades oblanceolate to egg-shaped, triangular or deltate, 1-8 cm long, tapering to a 2-22 cm stalk, some stalk bases sheathed or bulb-like; stem leaves paired, opposite, free, lanceolate to egg-shaped, unstalked, 1-8 cm long.
Inflorescence of terminal and axillary racemes with 10-22 flowers on stalks 1-5 cm long, nodding in bud but spreading in flower, with 1 bract per 1-2 flowers; petals 5, white or pink (fading to white), 6-12 mm long; sepals 2, 3-6 mm long.
Capsules, 2.5-3.5 mm long; seeds 1, sometimes 3, round to elliptic, black, shiny or dull, 1.5-2 mm long.
A highly variable species sometimes confused with C. cordifolia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist streambanks, meadows, beaches, thickets and forests in the lowland, steppe and montane zones; common in and W of the Coast-Cascade Mountains S of 55degreeN, less frequent eastward; amphiberingian, S to MT, UT and CA; E Asia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Claytonia sibirica

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 0 280 1875
Slope Gradient (%) 0 16 125
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0 192 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 5 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BAFA(5), CDF(63), CMA(1), CWH(424), ESSF(1), ICH(8), IDF(6), MH(11), MS(1), PP(1), SWB(1)

Ecological Indicator Information

A shade-tolerant, submontane to montane, Asian and Pacific North American moss; its occurrence decreases with increasing continentality. Occurs in cool temperate and cool mesothermal climates on very shallow, calcium-rich soils. Inhabits coarse fragments, cliffs, or bark of trees in shaded forest understories. Characteristic of calcium-rich substrates.

SourceIndicator Plants of Coastal British Columbia (Information applies to coastal locations only)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is cool temperate & cool mesothermal.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Claytonia sibirica var. cordifolia (S. Watson) R.J. Davis
Claytonia sibirica var. heterophylla
Claytonia sibirica var. sibirica L.
Montia cordifolia (S. Watson) Pax & K. Hoffm.
Montia sibirica var. heterophylla

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References