Claytonia sibirica L.
Siberian miner's-lettuce (Siberian springbeauty)
Montiaceae (Purslane family)
(Previously in Portulacaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Ian Cumming     (Photo ID #3188)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Claytonia sibirica
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Perennial (sometimes annual) herb from a slender taproot or short rhizome; stems spreading to erect, few to several, 5-60 cm tall.
Basal leaves numerous, the blades oblanceolate to egg-shaped, triangular or deltate, 1-8 cm long, tapering to a 2-22 cm stalk, some stalk bases sheathed or bulb-like; stem leaves paired, opposite, free, lanceolate to egg-shaped, unstalked, 1-8 cm long.
Inflorescence of terminal and axillary racemes with 10-22 flowers on stalks 1-5 cm long, nodding in bud but spreading in flower, with 1 bract per 1-2 flowers; petals 5, white or pink (fading to white), 6-12 mm long; sepals 2, 3-6 mm long.
Capsules, 2.5-3.5 mm long; seeds 1, sometimes 3, round to elliptic, black, shiny or dull, 1.5-2 mm long.
A highly variable species sometimes confused with C. cordifolia.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.


Ecological Framework for Claytonia sibirica

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
280 0 1875
Slope Gradient (%)
16 0 125

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

192 0 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
5 0 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

BAFA(5), CDF(63), CMA(1), CWH(424), ESSF(1), ICH(8), IDF(6), MH(11), MS(1), PP(1), SWB(1)

Habitat and Range

Moist streambanks, meadows, beaches, thickets and forests in the lowland, steppe and montane zones; common in and W of the Coast-Cascade Mountains S of 55degreeN, less frequent eastward; amphiberingian, S to MT, UT and CA; E Asia.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Claytonia sibirica var. cordifolia (S. Watson) R.J. Davis
Claytonia sibirica var. heterophylla
Claytonia sibirica var. sibirica L.
Montia cordifolia (S. Watson) Pax & K. Hoffm.
Montia sibirica var. heterophylla